Treatment Hip injury
The hip joint is one of the largest supporting joints of the human body. It is a ball-and-socket joint that is strengthened by strong ligaments and muscles of the thigh and pelvis. It plays a significant role in walking. Throughout life, articular cartilage can wear and tear, resulting in trauma. The level of damage largely depends on age, gender, and several other factors. Even mild types of joint damage require treatment. They can provoke delayed complications - inflammatory processes, degenerative changes, especially in old patients. The first signs may appear after a sufficient amount of time, and even the patient may not remember at what point it occurred. Below will look at the symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment of hip injuries.
Causes of Hip Injuries
Frequent causes of damage are high level of accidents on the road or at work. Calcium deficiency is also a cause of this pathological condition, especially among older women. The female sex hormone, estrogen, in addition to reproductive activity, also affects calcium metabolism. With age, levels of this hormone drop, and bones become susceptible to osteoporosis, which increases the risk of bone fractures.
Fracture or dislocation is possible when falling from a considerable height or with a direct blow to the limb. A common site of a femur fracture is its neck. Fracture of the femoral neck is severe damage that is most commonly caused by a decrease in bone density. This pathological condition is common among the elderly. At a young age, it is less common since significant traumatic actions are required to disrupt the integrity of the bone.
Dislocation of the joint is the displacement of the femoral head from the acetabulum. A common cause of it is playing sports and improper load distribution when lifting a heavy object.
Symptoms of Injuries
On examination, most patients complain of severe acute hip injury pain. Sometimes it radiates to the knee joint. Patients with displaced fractures cannot walk on their own. The affected leg appears to be shortened and turned outward. There is the stiffness of movement in the joint. With dislocation, deformation of the joint and forced position of the limb is possible. The doctor can determine if lameness is present.
Diagnostics of Injuries
The specialist conducts a thorough history taking and medical examination. X-rays and MRIs will also help assess the severity.
Treatments for Hip Injuries
The patient requires first aid. In the case of bruises, it is enough to apply cold. In case of a fracture, the affected limb requires immobilization.
Treatment decisions depend on the evaluation of the case and include surgical and non-surgical treatment for hip injuries. The purpose of non-surgical treatment is to reduce pain. A hip doctor may prescribe physical therapy.
In severe cases, hip injury surgery involves joint replacement. It is an operation in which the surgeon removes damaged areas of the hip joint and replaces them with metal parts. The solution of having this operation is made by the doctor when other methods are inefficient.
Risk Groups for Hip Injuries
Most often, athletes such as football players, dancers, runners, cyclists suffer from hip injuries. Athletes must take precautions to avoid injuries, as this can lead to retirement. Also, people of the older generation are at risk, especially women.
Professionals of the clinic in Orlando (Florida) will advise you on the treatment and recovery of a hip injury. The medical center near you is always ready to help.