Ganglion cyst is a growth as an enclosed carcinoma, which consists of a serous-mucous or serous-fibrous liquid mass. In the usual state, the unsightly appearance of the carcinoma brings the greatest irritation. When a neoplasm grows or is near nerve endings, the ganglion cyst provokes soreness, conversely, impaired sensitivity is observed.
Externally, the contents of a ganglion cyst appear as clear or yellow jelly. Chemically, the content consists of serous fluid with the addition of fibrin or mucus. The density of the carcinoma can be different, therefore, ganglion cysts are secreted soft and elastic, as hard as cartilage or bone.
The initial sign of ganglion cyst is a small carcinoma in the joints or tendons, which is clearly visible under the skin. In most cases, the pathology is single, but sometimes several neoplasms appear at once. Whatever the carcinoma, it always has clear boundaries. The main part of a ganglion cyst is tightly attached to the underlying tissues, while other surfaces remain mobile and are not connected with the skin or tissues, so the skin can move freely.
The reasons for the ganglion cyst have not been definitively established. Traumatology and orthopedics identify several of the most probable causes of the appearance, established in a static way:
- hereditary predisposition – most often appears in close blood relatives;
- single trauma – about a third of patients initially received a single injury, then they simply overloaded the damaged area with excessive stress.
Treatment of a Ganglion Cyst
Among the conservative methods of treatment there are:
- crushing or kneading – the very first treatment invented;
- puncture – introduction of sclerotic substances or enzymes into the ganglion cyst;
- physiotherapy – therapeutic mud and dressings with ointments.
Ganglion Cyst Surgery
The operational interventional intervention on the ganglion cyst is very effective. The return of the malfunction occurs in no more than 20% of cases, while conservative therapy reaches 90% of cases.
Indications for the operational intervention of the ganglion cyst are aching and limited movements in the joints. A high rate of carcinoma growth is the most obvious sign for removing a ganglion cyst, since the larger the size, the harder the operational intervention.
The complexity of the ganglion cyst operational intervention increases with the following factors:
- location near the vessels and ligaments, as well as nerves – the difficulty lies in the displacement of these formations;
- dissection of tendons – involves an operational intervention in a hospital, while most of the extractions are performed on an outpatient basis;
- complex localizations or large sizes – anesthesia is used during such treatment.
Nowadays, laser treatment is becoming widespread for getting rid of ganglion cyst. The advantages of laser ganglion cyst elimination are:
- small section area;
- minor tissue trauma;
- shorter recovery time.
The prognosis of treatment is favorable, since the ganglion cyst is benignant and must be completely removed during treatment.