The trigger finger is a serious dysfunction of the tendon-ligament apparatus. Self-diagnostics in this case is unacceptable, due to the trigger finger being frequently confused with acute arthritis, osteomyelitis, pathological dislocation and even sepsis. The treatment and diagnosis of the trigger finger is made on the basis of an X-ray of the hand (if necessary) and after analyzing the existing clinical picture.
The reasons for the finger dysfunction can vary in their pathogenesis and etiology:
- Selected field of professional activity. This disease is often the result of repetitive finger movements in one direction.
- Hereditary factor.
- Congenital defect.
- Chronic diseases.
- Physiological and age-related changes.
- Systemic autoimmune changes.
Depending on many aspects, three stages of the trigger finger progression are distinguished:
- 1st stage. There is minor aching in the area of the finger, which quickly subside. At the same time, a characteristic weak click is heard after moving the finger.
- 2nd stage. The damaged finger hardly changes its position, and the tubercle that appears in the damaged area hurts when pressed.
- 3rd stage. If the alarming signals of the first two stages of the trigger finger malfunction are ignored, the finger cannot take its original position without additional help.
How to Treat Trigger Finger
The patient is assigned various procedures during the treatment:
- exercise therapy;
- physiotherapeutic procedures;
- herbal baths, etc.
As for the drug treatment, glucocorticosteroids are prescribed, which should be injected into the affected area. They help to eliminate the inflammatory process and the resulting induration.