Sprains and Strains
Sprains and strains are, as a rule, provoked by the athletic traumas. They are frequently accompanied by bleeding, puffiness and micro-tears of such structures. Sprains and strains happen when the joints exceed the physiological amplitude. This usually occurs as a result of a sharp external influence. In this case, some of the structures stabilizing the joint are torn at the microscopic level.
With numerous micro-ruptures of the ligamentum and the absence of proper treatment, there is no longer stabilization. As a result, the joint undergoes excessive wear and tear and arthritis develops.
People with weak ligamentum are susceptible to sprains and strains. Also, this type of trauma frequently occurs with a hollow foot, as well as muscle fatigue.
Sprains and strains often happen during basketball, football, and similar activities. Thumb ligaments are damaged when playing handball, volleyball and skiing.
The complaints mentioned below are typical with sprains and strains:
- Limited movement ability.
If these signs appear, you have to consult a specialist in the medical center Touch of Health to avoid any serious consequences of the trauma.
Treatment of Sprains and Strains
To get rid of sprains and strains properly, an essential point is the fixture of the joint which is affected by damage. It is achieved by applying a special device that fixes the joint in the anatomically correct position – an orthosis.
When applying an orthosis or a bandage, it is important not to squeeze soft tissues, since when tightened tightly, blood circulation is disturbed and edema is further increased. The terms of immobilization are determined individually by the physician, considering the stage of the trauma, and can vary from one to four weeks.