Minimally Invasive Hip Surgery
The minimally invasive hip surgery in developed countries has already become a common operational intervention. The hip surgery is one of the latest methods of operational treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system, during which pathologically altered tissues are replaced with artificial implants.
Indications for the minimally invasive hip surgery are severe arthrosis, osteonecrosis of the head of the hip bone, infections of the joint, trauma, rheumatoid arthritis, congenital malformations of the joint. To clarify the indications for the hip surgery, one may require an additional diagnostic examination – arthroscopy.
In the course of the minimally invasive hip surgery, incision is made along the two muscle groups where there is no need to dissect the nerves and vessels that are on the way to the capsule of the hip joint. Ideal muscle control and stabilization is possible immediately after surgery. The artificial joint is stable and therefore cannot easily move. Therefore, any aching and soreness will be reduced to minimum.
Recovery after Surgery
Recuperation after the minimally invasive hip surgery begins from the first hours after the operation. It includes exercise therapy, breathing exercises, and early activation. The operated limb must be in a state of functional rest, but the movements must be performed. They can be active, when the patient contracts the muscles on their own, and passive, performed with the help of medical personnel or relatives. The main rule of the postoperative recovery and recuperation periods is the sequence of increased loads.
After the operation, it is advisable to consult with a doctor who will draw up an individual recuperation plan after the hip surgery. Under his control, the recovery period will be as short and safe as possible. Majority of hip surgery patients are able to restore their regular functioning after half a year. Until that time, it is better to use recuperation means that minimize the load on the operated limb and the prosthetic hip joint.
If the recovery period proceeds without complications, in the future you can use a simple cane as an aid for support. Support on the sore leg is allowed after a month. In no case does one become all the weight. You need to start with exercises in the form of abducting the leg to the side with subsequent adduction, as well as raising and lowering it, while in a standing position. The load should begin with a light support, which within 2 months cannot exceed half of the patient’s weight, excluding the weight due to obesity.